It has been a time of it, creating my gluten-free sourdough bread.
I had to begin by trying to replicate the conditions that allow free floating yeast in the air to colonize and grow.
That’s not accurate, first I had to create a flour for the yeast to grown in.
No, first I had to analyze the properties of Wheat as home for those nice little wild yeast beasties, then I could create a flour mix that would allow them to multiply and feed to create the tangy lactic acid buildup we know and love as sourdough.
To begin all this process, I did what I do when confronted with any new problem.
I checked out the Gluten-Free bread recipe books:
And I began to notice that the gluten-free breads were a perfect sandwich bread.
That lots of them used a bread machine.
None had that crunchy dense crust I remember so fondly from gluten full breads.
I went to the blogging world. Typically, blogs are about 3 years ahead of books in solving a problem.
Into Google I plunged:
I looked here for an overview of lots of recipes since they seem to be gathering from multiple blogs, at All Recipes since so many people search for their recipes there.
But one had eggs and I was trying to avoid allergens as much as possible.
Some people just want simple sandwich bread. I understand, I truly do, but that isn’t what I was looking for at all.
I wanted a:
One that will hold it’s own as a bread bowl for soup if I wanted. Not a soft tender crust at all.
So my journey of research continued into the world of bread message boards.
I love this one but can literally spend days there reading about the nuances of temperature changes, hydration, salt content and protein content of wheat flour.
Wait, protein content.
That makes sense. The yeast need the sugars to grow and give off carbon dioxide but without the protein strands there is no structure to lift, no holes, no bubbles to crust.
Now to the fun part, the chemistry of the situation:
Wheat flour is 11% protein,
Hard Wheat flour (typically used for bread) is 14% protein,
Their fat content is never more than 5 %. Carbohydrate count varies with the growing season.
In order for my gluten-free to behave like gluten full , I had to get a balance of the available flours to mimic these parameters.
A bit of data analysis came into play while I learned the qualities of gluten free flours.
Statistics and analysis allow me to just play.
I created a Flour Chart, for an easy understanding of what a substitution would do to my flour mixture.
So many gluten- free people have another allergen (or two) that they are avoiding as well as wheat, rye and barley. By using this chart, you can substitute a similar flour by protein content, fat content etc. Or come up with your own special blend!
One that I am happy to share, so you can all make substitutions based on the science and taste preference you would prefer.
Comparison of Gluten Free flours in one easy chart
Per 1/4 cup
Gluten Free Flour Chart
|Millet||Yellow||Soft Crumb||0g||1g||3g||22 g|
|Sweet Rice Flour||White||Structure/sticky||1g||0.6g||2g||24g|
|Sorghum Flour||pale brown with tiny flecks of dark brown||tender, structure||3g||1.1g||4g||25g|
|Potato Starch||White||Glide, slippery||0g||0g||0g||40g|
|Quinoa Flour||Pale brown||Strength/pronounced flavor||0g||1.7g||4g||21g|
|Brown Rice Flour||Pale brown||crunch unless finely ground, mild flavor||1.8g||1.1g||2.9g||30.2g|
|Tapioca Flour||White||Soft, crisp||0g||0g||0g||26g|
|Teff flour||Dark or ivory||Tender||6g||1.1g||5g||32g|
|Roasted Buckwheat Flour||Dark||Tender/pronounced flavor||3g||0.9g||3.8g||21.2g|
|GarFava flour||Yellow beige||Beany||6g||1.7g||6g||18g|
|White Bean Flour||White/ivory||Mild flavor, tender crumb||8g||0g||7g||20g|
|White Rice Flour||White||Mild flavor, crunch unless finely ground||0.9g||0.6g||2.4g||31.7g|
Next post I’ll tell you more about what my flour mix contains and how to begin your own starter. But for now, I am off to gather my things for the BlogHer conference in NYC. I just found out that I will be interviewed by Balancing Act TV!!!
UPDATE! I am up for Top Blogger on Balancing act TV! Whoo Hoo! But I have a favor to ask, can you please click over to http://www.thebalancingact.com/vdoVoting/ Look at all the amazing women who are also up for this!
I would appreciate your vote, daily. I am the one with the terra cotta twinset and onyx beads.
This is long over but I had a great time.